Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the North, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the West and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the South. The country’s eastern border is the Indian Ocean and it’s coastline is 1,424 km.
Tanzania has a tropical type of climate and is divided into four main climatic zones notably: the hot humid coastal plain; the semi-arid zone of the central plateau; the high-moist lake regions; and the temperate highland areas. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10ºc and 20ºc during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures usually not falling lower than 20ºc. The hottest period spreads between November and February (25ºc – 31ºc) whereas the coldest period is often between May and August (15ºc – 20ºc).
The climate of the islands of Zanzibar is tropical and humid. The average maximum temperature recorded is about 30ºC, during the hot season, which is November to March. On the flip side, the average minimum temperature during the cool season of June to October is 21ºC. The humidity rate is high, ranging from 50% to 80% humidity and slightly higher in Pemba than Unguja.
Tanzania has been described as one of the most diverse countries in Africa and this is reflected in the fact that there are more than 120 local languages spoken in the country. Swahili is the national language and widely spoken, while English is the official language of education; administration and business.
The majority of the Tanzanian population is native African – 99% – of which 95% are Bantu and consisting of more than 120 tribes. The remaining 1% of the population consists of Asians, Europeans, and Arabs.
Tanzania has a total area of 945,087 sq.km including 61,000 sq. km of inland water. The total surface area of Zanzibar is 2,654 sq.km, but it is separated into two islands. Unguja, the larger of the two islands has an area of 1,666 sq.km, while Pemba has an area of 988 sq.km.
Capital City: Dodoma
Country’s population (2015): 52, 290,000
Official Languages: Swahili and English
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling
Tanzania boasts, the “Roof of Africa” – Mount Kilimanjaro, beautiful beaches, and extraordinary lakes. Adventurers that choose to trek the highest peak in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, will view the snow-capped peak and stunning views all the way to Kenya. Tanzania is in close proximity to Kenya which leads to a high degree of convenience when combining a safari exploration in Kenya with Tanzania.
Most of the population’s religion is Christianity and Muslim, although there is a small number of Hindus and atheists.
Generally, the Tanzania culture is a product of African, Arab, European and Indian influences. Traditional African values are being consciously adapted to modern life, although at a much slower pace among the Maasai.
“Safari” is a Swahili word originating in East Africa, meaning a journey to the wild animals – a definition perfect for describing an East African safari, a region rich in wildlife. The fact is that there is no better place to enjoy the enriching, free moving wildlife experience than in Tanzania. The country’s game viewing experiences are widely regarded as the best in Africa.
On a Tanzania Safari, one will see endless herds of wildebeest and zebras migrating across the plains, followed by predator lion, leopard, cheetah, and hyena. Tanzania is also rich in other animals including the largest population of elephants in the world, rhinoceros, giraffe, monkeys and much more. One cannot forget a wide range of bird species residing in the wild and those species that have yet to be discovered!